The ultimate guide to building automation


Building automation is actually all about monitoring and as well as controlling the building’s systems that includes

  • Mechanical management
  • Security
  • Fire safety
  • Flood safety
  • Lightning
  • Heating
  • Ventilation
  • Air conditioning

These building automations systems can be featured on the basis of these benefits

  1. They maintain the climate of the buildings with a suitable range and don’t allow the temperate to rise or fall beyond the limit set.
  2. The rooms are lighted because of these systems based on the occupancy schedule set.
  3. They monitor not only the performance but also the failures of the devices in all the systems
  4. In case of any malfunction these systems allow to facilitate the alarm managers

Core functions of a building automation system:

There are 4 in total core functions of a building automation system including

  1. To control the building environment
  2. To operate the systems of a building on the basis of occupancy and energy needs
  3. To monitor the performances of the devices
  4. To alarm the harming situations

What is meant by ‘CONTROLLED’?

The controller in the building automation system is considered to be a key component. The controller is actually a small specialized computer. The controllers in the building automation systems regulated the performances of many facilities in the building. Traditionally the controllers in the building automation systems control

  • Mechanical systems
  • Electrical systems
  • Plumbing systems
  • Heating system
  • Ventilation and air conditioning systems
  • Lighting systems
  • Security systems
  • Surveillance systems

A more robust and modern technology based building automation system controller can further even control

  • Fire alarm systems
  • The building’s elevator systems

How building automation systems work?


The devices of this systems that measure the values of carbon dioxide level, humidity, temperature and occupancy etc.


These are actually the main brains of these building automation systems. The actually make a collection of the data from the collectors implanted in the system and then make a decision that how the building automation system will respond to the data.

Output devices:

They work by carrying the demands and commands from the collectors. The examples of the output devices are relays.

Communication protocols:

The languages spoken between the components of the building automation systems are set in the communication protocols to make the system work perfectly and with synchronization.


These are actually the screens which the humans can use to interact with the building automation systems.

Benefits of building automation systems

The benefits of building automation systems are manifold in quantity including

  1. They save the money of the building owners by protecting them in various harmful conditions like fire, electricity mishap etc.
  2. Make the building occupants more comfortable by adjusting the environment
  3. They make the business more productive in those buildings.

Building automation is all about a term that broadly refers to create centralized networks systems of hardware’s along with the software monitors. It also includes a control of building facility systems including lighting, plumbing, electricity and water supply etc.

Tags: IOT   internet of things  

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